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Rhetoric and Composition Research Guide

This is a reference list of resources so that you can conduct research within the field of writing and rhetoric.

Citations and Academic Integrity

  > Why Citations Matters

  > APA & MLA

  > Turabian, Harvard, & Chicago

  > Academic Integrity

  > What is Plagiarism?

  > Copyright

 

 

Citation & Formatting by Style

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be aphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration, and other disciplines. In addition to providing clear guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, the Publication Manual offers an authoritative and easy-to-use reference and citation system and comprehensive coverage of the treatment of numbers, metrication, statistical and mathematical data, tables, and figures for use in writing, reports, or presentations.

Chicago style is perhaps one of the more complex citation styles because it is really two systems under one name.  The Notes/Bibliography system is used mainly in the humanities.  The Author/Date style is typically used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences.  The main difference between the two systems the preference for notes (Notes/Bibliography) or parenthetical in-text citations (Author/Date) within the document.  For more specific information on the Chicago style, please refer to chapters 14-15 of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Turabian is Chicago style for students and researchers, based on the Chicago Manual of Style by Kate Turabian.  The two styles are so similar, they are often grouped together.  The main difference between the two styles, besides minor punctuation rules, is that Turabian has been adapted to suit the needs of students whereas Chicago focuses more on publication.  For more specific information on Turabian style, please refer to the Citations & Plagiarism guide.

Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references. They refer to a list of references at the end of the document.

The system of in-text references that you use will determine the order of references at the end of your document. These end references have essentially the same format in all three systems, except for the placement of the date of publication in the name–year system.

Though Scientific Style and Format now uses citation–sequence for its own references, each system is widely used in scientific publishing. Consult your publisher to determine which system you will need to follow.

RefWorks Login, Features & Tutorials

The new RefWorks increases researcher productivity by simplifying the research experience. It is the one tool that researchers need to gather, organize, read, and cite their research materials.  It also makes it easy to collaborate with others on joint projects.

  • Collect and Import – With RefWorks it is simple and fast, to collect or import materials. Auto completion of reference data and retrieval of full text saves time and ensures accurate citations.
  • Manage Research – RefWorks enables users to organize, read, and annotate everything they collect and import.
  • Share and Collaborate – RefWorks smoothly allows users to share collections and collaborate with others.
  • Write and Cite – RefWorks is accurate, delivering thousands of customizable citation styles to use within authoring tools.
  • Streamlined Workflows - RefWorks makes research management and paper-writing easy with streamlined workflows that increase productivity.  

Save with a single click. 

  • save an unlimited number of references, fulltext, and other research materials
  • import from online databases, catalogs, reference management tools, and your computer 
  • quickly save references and fulltext from any web page
  • automatically complete citation data using comprehensive ProQuest databases

​Refworks is robust - Organize, Retrieve, Read, and Annotate.

  • organize your data with collections and tags
  • quickly search and find your references and fulltext document
  • read and annotate fulltext documents with highlights and comments from anywhere
  • sync your data to Dropbox and have a local copy of your fulltext

With RefWorks you can smoothly and seamlessly share collections and work with others simultaneously. 

  • collaborate on projects with share full access to resources
  • allow collaborators granular levels of access
  • take advantage of institutional and public collections
  • interactively read, comment, and annotate fulltext with your collaborators
  • Google Docs integration makes for easy collaboration

Write and Cite with RefWorks

  • generate bibliographies and citations in a snap for any authoring tool
  • use RefWorks integrations to insert in-text citation in Word or Google Docs
  • leverage thousands of pre-built citation styles and request new styles
  • customize citation styles or even create your own from scratch

Instruct: Citations and Academic Integrity

Citations and Academic Integrity

This module covers the importance of academic integrity and the basics of citing sources in different styles.

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