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Finding Research Resources

This guide will aid in finding a variety of information types including reference, scholarly articles, images and other media.

Citation & Formatting by Style

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be aphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration, and other disciplines. In addition to providing clear guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, the Publication Manual offers an authoritative and easy-to-use reference and citation system and comprehensive coverage of the treatment of numbers, metrication, statistical and mathematical data, tables, and figures for use in writing, reports, or presentations.

Chicago style is perhaps one of the more complex citation styles because it is really two systems under one name.  The Notes/Bibliography system is used mainly in the humanities.  The Author/Date style is typically used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences.  The main difference between the two systems the preference for notes (Notes/Bibliography) or parenthetical in-text citations (Author/Date) within the document.  For more specific information on the Chicago style, please refer to chapters 14-15 of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Turabian is Chicago style for students and researchers, based on the Chicago Manual of Style by Kate Turabian.  The two styles are so similar, they are often grouped together.  The main difference between the two styles, besides minor punctuation rules, is that Turabian has been adapted to suit the needs of students whereas Chicago focuses more on publication.  For more specific information on Turabian style, please refer to the Citations & Plagiarism guide.

Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references. They refer to a list of references at the end of the document.

The system of in-text references that you use will determine the order of references at the end of your document. These end references have essentially the same format in all three systems, except for the placement of the date of publication in the name–year system.

Though Scientific Style and Format now uses citation–sequence for its own references, each system is widely used in scientific publishing. Consult your publisher to determine which system you will need to follow.

Instruct: Citations and Academic Integrity

Citations and Academic Integrity

This module covers the importance of academic integrity and the basics of citing sources in different styles.  Identify a source type when given random data points. Accurately match the appropriate citation style to a discipline. Identify the proper structure of citations in either APA or MLA style based on the source type and format. Demonstrate the proper structure of citations in either APA or MLA style based on the source type and format. Define plagiarism and academic integrity. Understand the institution’s expectations of academic integrity and the consequences of acting dishonorably.

* Instructor Guide: Citations and Academic Integrity https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40297f62f4071f458d87b08a43e3aaa26f%2F
Introduction https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%407127bd860fa04f888201bbf39fefb985%2F
Video: Why Citations Matter https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40c2115f10ddee4ad1a3bf54a578305127%2F
Tutorial: Why Citations Matter (2019 update) https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40346f0f9474394b3c90551ac0de0c1830%2F
Tutorial: Why Citations Matter https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40e5f83e2ba86b4de8adf52c054b4f8a63%2F
Video: APA 6th Edition Citations (2019 update) https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%408afe64fcb5e546a589db2c16ec5bf72c%2F
Video: APA 6th Edition Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40af68a913134949dd9ac1db3273fc86d1%2F
Tutorial: APA 6th Edition Citations (2019 update) https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40041c23093c1c4aabb8d681f1a725ba29%2F
Tutorial: APA 6th Edition Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4007ecb79c35da4698bd62410047cf4384%2F
Quiz: APA 6th Edition Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%404672bcf9bd09424eaf06a94c82d267f9%2F
Tutorial: APA Citations 7th Edition https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4031a4fe37f6474b0780ebe29e078e67c7%2F
Quiz: APA Citations 7th Edition https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4085b9b805ee95478887dda334aea28df9%2F
Video: MLA Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40c89c1c52b2b745f1be14160228c5fdfa%2F
Video: MLA 8th Edition Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40fbd5d23946484b25bd4f9c71c39a19a8%2F
Tutorial: MLA 8th Edition Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40aef2b1f45e3f454cac0c18282cc3e550%2F
Quiz: MLA 8th Edition Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4096b6ec494cec4ea4b56dc841bf11106a%2F
Video: MLA 9th Edition Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40ccec721cf86e4457987d52674a25f67c%2F
Tutorial: MLA 9th Edition Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40c81e04a4a4794a73b85d02e2eddeb7a6%2F
Quiz: MLA 9th Edition Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40316c8f36e1ed4bbca66c6bc26aa1b282%2F
Video: Turabian Citation Style 9th Ed. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4029741cf6ec704355bd6b84604b3d44d3%2F
Quiz: Turabian Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%403a67dc9cf07e457687b853b270f6e4ab%2F
Video: Turabian Citation Style - RETIRED https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40f06c0cacba7f4030b35ead9e6172be79%2F
Quiz: Turabian Citations - RETIRED https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40d301d4194db745249578d175e4d7e6fc%2F
Video: Harvard Citation Style https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4042ff0046aed74d09b6e5f9eaf52bec4e%2F
Video: Chicago Style Book Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%406ff4aa2db36748a68e2c01f647ad6124%2F
Video: Chicago Style Journal and Website Citations https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%402be62167626546389413f9173cc33744%2F
Video: Chicago Style 17th ed. Journals https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%403aad1fd5fdbb42198045f64ff6993fd2%2F
Video: Chicago Style, 17th ed. Books and eBooks https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40bf882adc0ae8492fbce36307341575ae%2F
Video: Chicago Style, 17th ed. Websites and Social Media https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%4004b2dc70fd1e43e88a617903a2f000c0%2F
Quiz: Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%407ead9d0a9d614ab5a9a4bec787f34119%2F
Video: Academic Integrity https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40facb16c8e42a4a7f950e21d56bd8efc9%2F
Video: What is Plagiarism? https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40e60bbafacc094747bac6912174e28575%2F
Video: Plagiarism (2017 update) https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40cc257c32c33f4675b9b3e276e3ffb945%2F
RETIRED Video: Copyright https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40584b793a65c54b65a33554c43e64311f%2F
Tutorial: Copyright https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%40a606f97a1bf540e0a8a4ea84420b5cdc%2F
Quiz: Academic Integrity https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%408a2a90b14d704ed2a00a76684bec4e24%2F
Quiz: Academic Integrity (2018) https://go.openathens.net/redirector/fiu.edu?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffiu.credocourseware.com%2Fcourses%2Fcourse-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Fxblock%2Fblock-v1%3AFlorida-International-University%2BINFOLIT%2B2016%2Btype%40sequential%2Bblock%401acae5fda437416ead464d5c36ee0d71%2F

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