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Occupational and Physical Therapy Guide

Guide and help center for students and researchers in occupational and physical therapy at FIU.

PEER-REVIEWED: WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

Peer-reviewed journals only publish articles that have been approved by a panel of experts/researchers/professionals in a field of study. Some professors/assignments will require that you only use peer-reviewed sources.

The video below, from North Carolina State University Libraries, explains peer review and what it means to you. In 3 minutes, this video will help you become familiar with the peer-review process and understand its significance to new knowledge production and scholarly research.

IDENTIFYING SCHOLARLY VS. POPULAR SOURCES

What is the difference between popular and scholarly articles?

Scholarly Journals Trade Publications Magazines
Written for Professors & students Workers in a specific industry General public
Written by Scholars Professional writers and industry experts Professional writers
Appearance

Usually plain with few color
illustrations; advertisements
limited to books and journals;
may have tables, graphs,
formulas; photographs

Glossy with industry-specific advertisements

Glossy with advertisements

Articles
  • Have a list of references (citations), e.g., Works Cited, Bibliography
  • Written in technical and scholarly language
  • Report current and innovative research and scholarship
  • Are usually 10 pages or more in length
  • Reviewed by other scholars prior to publication
  • May have a brief list of sources, e.g., interviews, magazines
  • Written in technical language specific to the industry
  • Report industry trends and news
  • Are usually less than 10 pages in length
  • Reviewed by professional editor employed by the publication
  • Almost never have a list of references or sources
  • Written in relatively simple language appropriate for the intended audience
  • Report current topics and events
  • Are usually less than 10 pages in length
  • Reviewed by professional editor employed by the publication
Examples Journal of Adolescence
Journal of Popular Culture
Advertising Age
CD Computing News
Ebony
Elle
Newsweek