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Citations & Plagiarism

Use this guide to find help and information on citation styles and avoiding plagiarism.


Turabian is based on the Chicago Manual of Style by Kate Turabian.  The two styles are so similar, they are often grouped together.  The main difference between the two styles, besides minor puncuation rules, is that Turabian has been adapted to suit the needs of students whereas Chicago focuses more on publication.  For more specific information on Turabian style, please refer to the manual in the FIU Libraries.

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.


This excellent handout contains the particulars of both the Turabian and Chicago styles and elucidates the differences between the two systems.  UC Berkeley's guide also provides numerous examples for how to create in-text citations and create a reference list.


14.75, 14.76, 14.79 Books


Martin du Gard, Roger.  Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort.Translated by Luc Brebion and Timothy Crouse.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Shields, David.  The Thing about Life Is That One Day You'll Be Dead.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.

Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner.  Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything.  New York: William Morrow, 2005.

Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang, eds.  Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituatlity.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Young, Glenn, ed.  The Best American Short Plays, 2002-2003.  New York: Applause, 2007.


14.175 Journals

Menjivar, Cecilia.  "Linimal Legality: Salvadoran and Guatemalan Immigrants' Lives in the United States."  American Journal of Sociology 111, no. 4 (2006): 999-1037.  doi:10.1086/499509.

Loften, Peter.  "Reverberations between Wordplay and Swordplay in Hamlet."  Aeolian Studies 2 (1989):12-29.

Abrams, Marshall.  "How Do Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact?"  Philosophy of Science 74 (December 2007): 666-79.  doi:10.1086/525612.

The bibliography should be arranged alphabetically and should contain every item cited in the document.  


14.271, 14.272  Databases

Howard, David H.  "Hospital Quality and Selective Contracting: Evidence from Kidney Transplantation."  Forum for Health Economics and Policy 11, no. 2 (2008).  PubMed Central (PMC2600561).

GenBack (for RP11-322N14 BAC [accession number AC017046]; accessed October 6, 2009).  http;//

NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (object name IRAS f00400+4059; accessed October 6, 2009).


For books that come in many different formats, the Chicago Manual requires that you cite the format you consulted. 

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.