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WST4115 & WST5116 / Gender Violence and the Law: Global Perspectives

MLA by Format

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be aphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.

For more detailed information for each of these format types, please refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.

Note that there are some small changes from MLA 7th edition and 8th edition. 

In MLA 8th ed., for non-periodical items, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (or editor, compiler, or translator).
  • Title of source.
  • Other contributors,
  • Publisher,
  • Publication date.

 

EXAMPLES

Single author:

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford University Press, 2011.

 

Two authors:

​Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

 

Three or more authors:

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT Press, 2012.

Many databases now have the ability to generate citations for you.  Citations generally follow the same rules of citing print journal article, except with the additional information included: the title of the database, medium of publication (Web), and the date of access.

In MLA 8th ed., for online journal articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (or editor, compiler, or translator).
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Other contributors,
  • Number (volume, issue),
  • Publication date,
  • Page numbers.
  • Title of larger container (database, website name, etc.),
  • Location (website URL).

 

EXAMPLES

Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1,

2010, pp.69-88. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41403188.

In MLA 8th ed., for print journal articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author.
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Number (volume, number),
  • Publication date, 
  • Page numbers.

 

EXAMPLES

Baron, Naomi S. "Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media." PMLA, vol. 128, no.1,

Jan. 2013, pp.193-200.

 

In MLA 8th ed., for websites/web pages, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (editors, etc.).
  • Title of source.
  • Publication date/range, 
  • Location (URL).
  • Date of access (optional).

 

EXAMPLES

Website/project as a whole:

Eaves, Morris, et al., editors. The William Blake Archive. 1996-2014, www.blakearchive.org/blake.

 

Page on a site, comments on a web page, blog post, part of a site, tweet, etc.:

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue University, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/.

Accessed 10 May 2006.

Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html.

Accessed 6 July 2015.

Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites,

16 Aug. 2002, alistapart.com/article/writeliving. Accessed 4 May 2009.

@tombrokaw. "SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign." Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012,

3:06 a.m., twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.

In MLA 8th ed., for newspapers/newspaper articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author.
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Number (volume, number),
  • Publication date, 
  • Page numbers.
  • Location (URL, if in online/digital format)

Cite a newspaper article as you would a magazine article, but note the different pagination in a newspaper. If there is more than one edition available for that date (as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition after the article title.

 

EXAMPLES

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01.

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times, 21 May 2007, late ed., p. A1.

Pelley, Lauren. “Toronto Public Library Opens its 100th Branch.” Toronto Star, 21 May 2015.

http://www.pressreader.com/canada/toronto-star/20150521/282260959050369. Accessed October 12, 2015.

 

If the newspaper is a less well-known or local publication, include the city name in brackets after the title of the newspaper.

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier 

[Charleston, SC], 29 Apr. 2007, p. A11.

Trembacki, Paul. "Brees Hopes to Win Heisman for Team." Purdue Exponent [West Lafayette, IN],

5 Dec. 2000, p. 20.

Why Cite? Citation Help

Using proper citation style allows us to give credit to the creators of the material we are using.  It is how we use information responsibly and respectfully.  By using citations, our claims and theories become more authorized and credible because we are providing supporting evidence from other sources.  Citations also allow us to be honest about our contributions and avoid plagiarism.  This guide was created to help you find the information you need to be able to create citations properly, avoid plagiarism, and introduce you to citation generators. 

While finding the right information is important, it is also just as important to use that information ethically

Concerns, procedures and sanctions about academic honesty are articulated in the FIU Code of Academic Integrity which was adopted by the Student Government Association on November 28, 2001. The following Pledge from the FIU Student Handbook specifically discourages plagiarism:

As a student of this university:

  1. I will be honest in my academic endeavors.
  2. I will not represent someone else's work as my own.
  3. I will not cheat, or will I aid in another's cheating.

 

 Use of the World Wide Web as a research resource has exacerbated the problem of plagiarism in colleges and universities worldwide.

Here are links to online citation generators.  For the purposes of creating a quick, one-time citation in the correct style, these websites will generate citations once the information has been provided.

 

Looking for more in-depth citation help?  Visit our citation guides for help and info on specific styles and document types and citation generator comparisons.    

 

 

citation generators

Many of the library databases have a tool/link called Cite or Cite This. 
Click it for options and help with citing your source!  Copy and paste the citation into your Works Cited page.  Remember the citation is computer generated so always double-check for mistakes.

Below are links to some popular online citation generators.  For the purposes of creating a quick, one-time citation in the correct style, check these websites out!

 

 

Looking for more in-depth citation help?  Visit our citation guides listed below for help and info on specific styles and document types and citation generator comparisons.