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Artificial Intelligence + ACRL Frameworks

This libguide explores the integration of generative AI with the Framework for Information Literacy. It examines authority, information creation, value, research inquiry, and scholarship as conversation in relation to generative AI.

AI + the ACRL Frameworks: Introduction

What Frameworks?

This Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education is a cluster of interconnected core concepts to help librarians frame their information literacy sessions with the public. The Framework is organized into six frames, each consisting of a concept central to information literacy, a set of knowledge practices, and a set of dispositions. The six concepts that anchor the frames are presented alphabetically:

  • Authority Is Constructed and Contextual
  • Information Creation as a Process
  • Information Has Value
  • Research as Inquiry
  • Scholarship as Conversation
  • Searching as Strategic Exploration

This guide is written to help librarians, the university community, and the public understand and apply Artificial Intelligence technology (specifically, Generative Pre-trained Transformers - GPT's) through the lens of library and information science as provided by the ACRL Framework. It is intended to illuminate the role of GPT's in the already existing economy of information that includes Scholarly and Crowdsourced information.

Background Information on Artificial Intelligence

By asking and answering the following questions about Chat GPT and other AI Tools that utilize this technology, we can clarify what we mean by "Generative AI" in contradistinction with Scholarly and Crowdsourced materials.1


What is it?

It is a type of artificial intelligence that can understand and generate natural language text. 

How does it work?

It is trained on large amounts of text data (Large Language Model -- LLM). ​

It then uses this data to learn the patterns and structure of language. ​

Once it has learned enough about language, it can generate its own text based on a given prompt or topic.​

What's behind it?

It uses an algorithm called a transformer to learn how to generate text that simulates human conversation. ​

This algorithm is based on a neural network, which is a type of computer program that is designed to mimic the way the human brain works. 

What is it called?

GPT stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformers. ​

This refers to the type of algorithm behind many different services, including ChatGPT, Claude, Llama, Bard, Bing AI, and others.​

1. Chadha, Akalbir Singh. "What Exactly Is Chat GPT & How Does It Work? For a 5-Year-Old!" Becoming Human: Artificial Intelligence Magazine, 2023,

Creative Commons: FIU Libraries

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